Trinacria

Sicily originally was called Trinacria – Three-pointed Earth , due to the triangular shape of the island with the three capes : Capo Passero ( Siracusa) on the south, Capo Peloro (Messina) on the east and Capo Lilybaeum ( Marsala ) on the west. History of Trinacria is complicated and somewhat shrouded in mystery, but it certainly belongs to the mythology.
Trinacria is a variety of Triskelion – the ancient Greek symbolic sign, consisting of three running legs coming out of a single point. The head is at the center of Triskelion, originally belonged to the Gorgon named Medusa, which, according to ancient mythology, was a monster with a woman’s face on the head of which were snakes instead of hair. Medusa could turn all the living things into a stone with a look. She was beheaded by Perseus, but even beheaded its look retained its severity. Gorgon Medusa lived it in Sicily, so her head became a symbol of the island, protecting it with its eyes from his enemies.
According to another version , the head belongs to a woman, perhaps a goddess because according to ancient mythology here was dominated by Ceres, Aphrodite, Persephone, Arethusa and the other goddesses, and the snake around her head means wisdom. In some embodiments, to the head were added wings to show the eternal flow of time. And in the era of the Roman Empire, the Romans replaced the snakes to the ears of wheat to symbolize fertility of the island and its status as a Roman „granary „.
In the East , in Asia Minor, between the sixth and fourth centuries B.C. Trinacria was stamped on the coins of several ancient cities in regions such as Aspendus ( in Pamphylia on the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea ), Berry and Thebes (in the area around the city of Troya in Troy, between Scamander and the Hellespont), Olba ( in Cilicia between Armenia and Syria) and in some cities of Lycia (south-west). Despite the lack of reference to geography, symbol was used in Crete, Macedonia and Spain in the Celtiberian region.
Trinakria can be found in the paintings on ancient vases, as well as in a monograph in 1863. The most ancient image of the sign of Trinacria known today can be seen on a bowl relating to the VII century B.C., found during the excavations in the city of Gela (Province of Caltanisetta) in Bitalemmi visiting the Archaeological Museum of Agrigento.
Trinacria became the symbol of Sicily in August 30, 1302 with the creation of the island in the Kingdom of Trinacria. Trinacria is also present on the emblems of various famous dynasties such as Stuart Albany in England, Rabensteiner in France, Schanke in Denmark and Poland.

Nowadays Trinacria or Triskelion are adopted by Sicilian Parlament as an integral part of the flag and emblem of Sicily.

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